When,where,why引导定语从句“四注意”

2009-09-22 11:15来源:互联网 作者:佚名 [打印] [评论]  北京2010新高考方案获教育部批复

    1.先行词表示时间、地点、原因,但关系词指代先行词在定语从句中充当主语或宾语时,应用关系代词that或which.如:

    I‘ll never forget 1976 that / which was full of sadness.

    (作主语)

    我不会忘记充满悲哀的1976年。

    I regret the days (that/which) I wasted in the woods.

    (作宾语)

    我后悔在森林里虚度的日子。

    This is the factory that/which produces cars. (作主语)

    这就是那个生产小汽车的工厂。

    This is the factory (that/which) he visited yesterday.

    (作宾语)

    这就是他昨天参观的工厂。

    This is the reason that/which is unreasonable. (作主语)

    这是一个没道理的理由。

    This is the reason (that/which) he raised. (作宾语)

    这是他提出的理由。

    2. 关系副词有时相当于 “适当的介词+关系代词”。如:

    ① where=in/on which

    This is the room where / in which he lives.

    这就是他住的房间。

    I can see the desk where / on which there is a book.

    我能看见上面有一本书的那张桌子。

    ② when= on/in/at which

    I still remember the year when/ in which I joined the Party. 我仍然记得入党的那一年。

    I still remember the day when/on which I joined the Party. 我仍然记得入党的那一天。

    I still remember the date when/at which I joined the Party. 我仍然记得入党的那个日子。

    ③ why=for which

    This is the reason why / for which he was killed.

    这是他被杀害的原因。